By its decision BC-11/10, the Conference of the Parties encouraged Parties to undertake specific activities aimed at preventing and combating illegal traffic, namely:
- To improve cooperation and coordination among entities working at the national level to prevent and combat illegal traffic in hazardous wastes and other wastes, including through the development of cooperative agreements between those entities;
- To train enforcement personnel so as to build their capacity to better prevent, identify and manage cases of illegal traffic in hazardous wastes and other wastes and to provide appropriate incentives and remove possible disincentives for enforcement entities to prevent and combat illegal traffic in hazardous wastes and other wastes;
- To promote and participate actively in activities undertaken by enforcement organizations and networks such as the World Customs Organization, the International Criminal Police Organization, the Asian Network for Prevention of Illegal Transboundary Movement of Hazardous Wastes, the transfrontier shipments of waste cluster of the European Union Network for the Implementation and Enforcement of Environmental Law, the Regional Enforcement Network Project to Combat Illegal Trade in Harmful Chemicals and Hazardous Waste in Asia, the International Network for Environmental Compliance and Enforcement and the Green Customs Initiative; and
- To raise the awareness of all relevant stakeholders, including those in the shipping industry, and waste generators and disposers about illegal traffic in hazardous wastes and other wastes and about applicable national legal frameworks;
In its decision, the Conference of the Parties invited parties to share information, through the Secretariat, on these activities and on best practices in preventing and combating illegal traffic. The Secretariat was also requested to collect and make available on the Convention website information and examples of best practices in preventing and combating illegal traffic received from Parties.